The Rights-based approach is a working methodology based on internationally recognized human rights and is directed to promoting and protecting human rights in practice. KIYO aims to stimulate an evolution from a Needs-based approach to a Rights-based approach characterized by a search for durable and structural solutions. At the heart of the Rights-based approach is the recognition that unequal power relations and social exclusion deny people their human rights and often keep them in poverty. Realizing children’s rights requires by definition both:
- Empowerment and an active role of the rights-holders - children and youth who benefit from our actions - rather than regarding them as passive objects of assistance.
- Accountability and reinforcement of the impact of actions from the duty-bearers – civil society in general and public authorities in particular.
In all our actions - implemented directly by KIYO and/or through partner civil society organisations in or outside Belgium - KIYO wishes to bring about a positive evolution in 3 dimensions:
- The realization of the 4 basic principles of the Committee on the Rights of the Child;
- The systematic integration of a holistic operational approach based on 5 action domains;
- The achievement of 4 quality objectives.
4 Principles of the Child Rights Committee
These 4 basic principles apply to all rights, and guarantee the quality of realising all rights.
This means that all children and youth must have the same rights. Herewith, no child may be harmed, privileged, punished or detained from any right independent of his or her national, ethnic or social origin, skin color, sex, language, religion, political or other belief, property, disability, birth or other status. Non-discrimination does not refer to equality or the same treatment for all children but rather to equity, where sometimes a preferential treatment is needed to address discrimination.
The right to life, survival and development
Every child has the right to a dignified life and has the right to
development. All children have the right to be protected from manipulation, violence, abuse and exploitation. Children's rights are
human rights, but children must be specifically supported in reaching their maximum potential.
As human beings with individual and personal needs and actors shaping the society of tomorrow, children have the right to be heard, to freely express their opinion, to freely unite and to have access to information. Participation must promote the child’s interest and improve the personal development of each child. In all its actions, KIYO therefore wishes to engage its young beneficiaries as main actors by actively involving them in decision-making processes.
The best interest of the child
All decisions - at the family and collective level - must respect the rights of the child in their consequences and potential effects. The physical, psychological, moral and mental integrity of the child must be safeguarded at all times.
5 action domains
KIYO integrates the 5 components of the Rights-based approach as its own action domains. By focusing on these action domains in all our actions, KIYO engages in a holistic approach for the realisation of children's rights.
Provision of basic needs by promoting quality basic services - essential for the most vulnerable children (such as accommodation, education, psychosocial and legal support, ...) and to promote these good practices with duty bearers.
Support the development of the capacities of the rights-holders (children and youth) to realise their potential, to protect themselves and to promote solidarity when defending their rights.
Strengthen the impact of the actions of the duty bearers (schools, actors of development cooperation, partner organisations,
communities and governments) on the rights of the child through training, long-term guidance and technical assistance.
Fully involve the social base in its awareness of the problems and
its societal responsibilities towards the rights of the child. Support the social claim in defense of the rights of the child vis-à- vis the public authorities.
Involvement of decision makers and public authorities on political priorities related to children’s rights and their role as duty-bearers to support and implement actions that contribute to the fulfillment of children’s rights.
4 Quality objectives
KIYO sees each action as an opportunity to contribute to gender equality, that denounces discrimination and supports access to the
same rights and opportunities of life for boys and girls.
KIYO focuses on the concrete and sustainable purpose of its actions by defining, pursuing and measuring realistic objectives, learning
from its experiences and adjusting its strategies accordingly.
KIYO believes that the experience of development cooperation and
partnerships with other civil society organisations should be an opportunity to learn collectively and reinforce each other. KIYO wishes to capitalise and share its knowledge and expertise on the implementation of children's rights so that others can valorize them in their actions.
KIYO fundamentally believes in the diversity and capacity of civil society to promote and protect children’s rights, in line with the International Convention on the Rights of the Child. At the international level, but also in Belgium, KIYO implements its
mission through partnerships, collaborations and synergies with local civil society organisations that aim to improve respect for human rights in their country or region of action.